A Theory of The Procyclical Effectiveness of Forward Guidance
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I study the dependence of the forward guidance effectiveness on the level of economic slack. I use the model with price rigidities and uninsured unemployment risk and apply both analytical and numerical methods to study the forward guidance transmission in both “normal times” and the crisis during which the unemployment rate rises by 150 percent. High unemployment accompanied by low job-finding rates raises the unemployment risk and increases precautionary motives. This, in turn, constrains the ability of the monetary authority to boost current demand by announcing cuts in future policy rates. The severity of that limitation increases with the time horizon of the announced change in interest rate. Quantitatively, the drop in the interest rate elasticity of aggregate consumption between the horizon of the interest rate cut equal to zero (i.e. the standard monetary policy shock) and the horizon equal to 15 quarters is 35.3% larger in the crisis than in “normal times”. These more pronounced horizon effects imply that the forward guidance effectiveness is in general lower in the crisis than in “normal times”.
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- KAE Working Papers 
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