The Influence of Training and Various Forms on Increasing Employees’ Qualifications in European Enterprises
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The article focuses on the training and other various methods which will increase employeees’ qualifications and capacities. The discussion will be divided into two parts: the theorectical background and the empirical results. These are the research results from our study in Polish and European, especially Polish enterprises. Both skills and qualifications are very popular and widely-used terms in the world of science and even government, and there has been a great increase of activities aiming towards the use of them amongst employees. The move is being supported by companies, institutions, public entities, and legislatives. According to the literature and business market reports, we can name some of the most desirable skills which are based on employers’ most frequent inquiries, which include: communication, information technology (IT) skills, specialist/professional knowledge, availability, valid driver’s license, required degree, creativity, and teamwork. In order to verify matters discussed above, empirical studies were carried out in December 2011. They were based on the interview questionnaires which mostly contained closed-ended questions. They also consisted of a pilot study and a pivotal study. Field research with the use of Computer Assisted Telephone Interview (CATI) method was used. In order to increase the quality of the results, two questionnaires were created: one for employers and the other for supervisors. The core of the two research questionnaires was very similar, but the questions addressed to supervisors were created to discover their opinions towards employees and the influence of an educated team on the firm’s condition.